What are Cataracts?

Cataracts are a common age-related eye condition that can significantly impact vision. They occur when the natural lens of the eye becomes clouded, leading to blurred or distorted vision, difficulty seeing in low light conditions, and increased sensitivity to glare.

Fortunately, cataracts can be safely and effectively treated through surgical intervention.

Cataract surgery is a safe and commonly performed procedure that involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). There are several surgical options available, and your ophthalmologist will determine the most suitable approach based on your specific needs and eye health.
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Surgery Types


This is the most common and preferred technique for cataract surgery. It involves making a small incision in the cornea and using ultrasound energy to break up the cloudy lens into tiny fragments. The fragmented lens is then gently suctioned out through the incision, and an IOL is inserted in its place. Phacoemulsification offers quicker recovery times and requires minimal sutures or stitches.

Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS):

FLACS combines the precision of laser technology with the benefits of phacoemulsification. A femtosecond laser is used to create precise incisions, soften the cataract, and break it into smaller pieces. This approach may be recommended for patients with complex or dense cataracts, astigmatism, or other specific requirements.

Manual Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE):

In certain cases, such as advanced cataracts, an alternative to phacoemulsification may be used. ECCE involves making a larger incision in the cornea or sclera to remove the cloudy lens in one piece. This technique may be necessary when phacoemulsification is not suitable due to factors like extremely dense cataracts or other ocular conditions.

What to Expect:

  • Preoperative Preparation
  • Anesthesia
  • Incision
  • Removal of the Cloudy Lens
  • Insertion of Intraocular Lens (IOL)
  • Incision Closure
  • Postoperative Recovery
  • Follow-up Care

Lens Options:

Monofocal IOLs:

These are the standard IOLs that provide clear vision at a fixed focal point, typically for distance vision. Patients may still need glasses for near or intermediate vision tasks, such as reading or using a computer.

Multifocal IOLs:

These IOLs offer vision correction at multiple distances, reducing the need for glasses after surgery. They have different zones or rings that focus light at different distances, allowing for improved vision at near, intermediate, and far distances. However, some patients may experience halos or glare in low-light conditions.

Toric IOLs:

Toric IOLs are specifically designed to correct astigmatism, a common condition where the cornea has an irregular shape, causing blurred vision. These IOLs have different powers in different meridians to counteract the astigmatism, reducing the reliance on glasses for clear distance vision.

Accommodating IOLs:

These IOLs are designed to mimic the natural lens of the eye, allowing for more dynamic focusing ability. They provide improved vision at various distances, reducing the need for glasses.

Light Adjustable Lens (LAL®)

The Light Adjustable Lens™ (LAL®) transforms cataract treatment, offering personalized vision adjustment post-surgery. Unlike standard procedures, LAL® lets patients test and refine their sight afterwards, ensuring vision that isn't just improved, but truly individualized. This innovation reflects our belief that everyone deserves vision tailored precisely to their preferences and lifestyle.

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